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How execute Federal Regulations affect Consumer Prices? An analysis of the Regressive impacts of Regulation

Regulators and policymakers often claim that regulations are intended to defend the poorest and also most breakable consumers. However, the effects of regulations are most harmful come the bad because regulations drive up the expense of act business, resulting in higher prices. Unfortunately, the goods and also services to which the bad devote lot of their restricted budgets, such together energy and food, are likewise the most heavily regulated.

When the federal federal government introduces brand-new regulations for an industry, over there are numerous potential consequences for both producers and consumers. Often, following regulations is i have lot of money for firms, and also these higher costs may subsequently drive increase prices because that consumers. Higher prices led to by regulatory growth are i can not qualify to affect all consumer equally. High-income and low-income family members tend come have various spending patterns, and regulations may have a larger influence on one group than top top another.

This study examines the relationship in between regulatory development and greater prices and also finds that price boosts caused by regulation have actually a disproportionately an unfavorable effect top top low-income households. The poorest family members tend to spend a larger proportion the their income on items that are greatly regulated and subject come both high and volatile prices. This cost should be known in policymakers’ efforts to consider the costs and benefits of new and present regulations.



While numerous previous records have recorded potential costs associated with the load of commonwealth regulations, none have provided a an extensive empirical analysis of the impact of regulation on consumer prices. This study uniquely combines data native the consumer Expenditure Survey through industry-specific regulation details from the Center’s RegData database and information top top price alters over time indigenous the customer Price Index.


Regulations in the aggregate Lead come Price Increases

The stated purpose of regulation is often to help protect consumer from a range of problems in the market. However, the benefit of any type of sort that protection must be weighed against the cost of greater prices. The data present evidence that a statistically far-ranging relationship in between regulation and also increased prices.

There is a period of time between the publishing of brand-new regulatory restrictions and also when they have actually a measurable impact on prices, so that is essential to evaluate both variables over time. After ~ the affected production processes have been altered to comply with a brand-new regulation, there is an associated jump in the price the the influenced goods and services. Comparing the expansion rate of prices end time against the expansion rate that regulations over time, the data show that a 10 percent increase in complete regulations leads to a 0.687 percent increase in consumer prices.

Poorer households Spend an ext on an ext Heavily regulated Goods

The data additionally show that family members from the poorest income groups experience the highest in its entirety levels that inflation and the greatest levels of price volatility. In comparison come wealthier households, poorer families spend a substantially bigger proportion the their income on an ext inflation-prone, volatile, and also heavily regulated goods and also services.

In the two many stable price quartiles of consumer expenditures, wealthier households allocated 15.3 percent points more spending 보다 the poorest households. Through contrast, the poorest family members allocated 15.3 portion points much more spending than the wealthiest family members in the two many volatile quartiles.


Regulators and policymakers often insurance claim that regulations room intended to protect the poorest and most vulnerable consumers. However, the results of regulations are many harmful come the poor because regulations drive up the price of law business, result in greater prices. Unfortunately, the goods and also services to which the bad devote lot of their restricted budgets, such together energy and also food, are also the most greatly regulated.

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Another unintended effect of regulation is that the bad face a greater overall price of inflation in the goods they often tend to purchase. In addition to undergoing bigger price hikes, these greatly regulated products also display better volatility, an interpretation that low-income households face much more uncertainty in their household budgets than do wealthier households. Policy makers must recognize the unintended results of higher, an ext volatile price on the bad when considering brand-new regulations.