Andriy Blokhin has 5+ year of expert experience in public accounting, personal investing, and also as a senior auditor v Ernst & Young.

You are watching: Which statement about stock dividends is true?


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Peggy James is a CPA with over 9 years of suffer in accountancy and finance, including corporate, nonprofit, and personal finance environments. She most recently worked at duke University and also is the owner the Peggy James, CPA, PLLC, serving tiny businesses, nonprofits, solopreneurs, freelancers, and also individuals.

Cash or stock dividends spread to shareholders space not recorded as an price on a company"s revenue statement. Stock and also cash dividends execute not affect a company"s net earnings or profit. Instead, dividends affect the shareholders" equity ar of the balance sheet. Dividends, whether cash or stock, represent a reward to investors for their invest in the company.


While cash dividends minimize the overall shareholders" equity balance, stock dividends stand for a reallocation of component of a company"s retained earnings to the common stock and additional paid-in resources accounts.


Cash or stock dividends dispersed to shareholders are not tape-recorded as an cost on a company's income statement.Cash dividends are cash outflows to a company's shareholders and also are tape-recorded as a palliation in the cash and also retained revenue accounts.Stock dividends reallocate component of a company's retained revenue to its usual stock and extr paid-in resources accounts.

expertise Why Dividends space not costs

A cash dividend is a amount of money paid by a agency to a shareholder the end of its profits or reserves referred to as retained earnings. Every quarter, suppliers retain or accumulate their earnings in preserved earnings, i m sorry is essentially a savings account. Retained earnings is located on the balance sheet in the shareholders" equity section. The cash within retained earnings deserve to be offered for investing in the company, repurchase shares of stock, or salary dividends.


The cost of dividends is not included in the company"s income statement since they"re not an operation expense, which room the costs to run the day-to-day business. A company"s dividend policy can be reversed at any time and also that, too, will not present up ~ above its financial statements.


Cash Dividends accounting

Cash dividends stand for a company's outflow that goes to its shareholders. It is taped through a palliation in the company's cash and retained earnings accounts.


Because cash dividends room not a company"s expense, they display up together a palliation in the company"s statement of changes in shareholders" equity. Cash dividends alleviate the size of a company"s balance sheet and its value because the company no much longer retains component of its fluid assets.


However, cash dividends also affect a company"s cash circulation statement. Cash flow refers come the inflows or increases and the outflows or to reduce in cash. Cash dividends influence the financing activities section that the cash circulation statement by mirroring a reduction in cash because that the period. In various other words, although cash dividends space not one expense, they minimize a company"s cash position.


share Dividends accounting

A share dividend is an award to shareholder of extr shares fairly than cash. Similarly, stock dividends carry out not represent a cash flow transaction and also are not thought about an expense.


Companies distribute share dividends to their shareholders in a certain proportion to its typical shares outstanding. Share dividends reallocate part of a company"s retained earnings to its usual stock and added paid-in capital accounts. Therefore, they do not influence the in its entirety size that a company"s balance sheet.


how Dividends are Paid

Whether payment in cash or in stock, dividends usually are announced, or "declared," through a company and room then paid out on a quarterly basis at a specified date. Investors room paid in relationship to your holdings. For example, a firm might pay a dividend the .25 cents per share, payable 60 days native the day of the announcement.


A company's background of dividend is crucial factor in numerous investors' decision-making process. Dividends tend to be most prized by fairly conservative investors who buy stocks because that the lengthy term, and by investors who value the constant income lock provide. Dividend-yielding stocks room a ingredient of many portfolios recommended by professional financial advisers.

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As noted, over there is never a guarantee that a dividend will be paid each year. However, part companies have actually earned boasting legal rights over their background of dividend payments. Coca-Cola, for example, note on that is website that it has paid a quarterly dividend since 1955 and that its yearly dividend has increased in every of the critical 58 years.


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