Source: Data compiled through the authors. Numbers reflect incumbents to run in both primary and generalelections.Based on the graph, which statement about incumbency is most accurate?a. Incumbents have actually a far-reaching reelection advantage.b. Incumbents room prohibited from accepting campaign contributions native interest team members.c. Incumbents just leave office once pressured by party leadership.d. Incumbents often leave office in ~ the end of their term.

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Which of the following, which could include federal spending projects, might contribute to the trend suggested in the graph?a. Apportionmentb. Caseworkc. The pork barreld. Logrolling
Census Bureau estimates citizen voting-age population; choice competitiveness data fromBallotpedia, \"Comparing the Competitiveness Index because that State legislative Elections.\"Based top top the graph, how can federal term limits influence the assembly of Congress?a. Election turn out is higher with term limits.b. Candidates face much more opposition as soon as there are term limits.c. Human being have much more faith in very first time candidates.d. There are an ext open seat elections with there are no ax limits.
Which of the following statements can be make by a movie critic of ax limits?a. Incumbents begin to take their reelection because that granted.b. Much less experienced legislators space not jaded through gridlock in Congress.c. Legislators with minimal time in office won\"t look for to get institutional knowledge.d. Representatives are far better able to represent their districts after number of years.
What is team of members of Congress who share part interest or characteristic and also common goals?a. Caucusb. Colloquiumc. Committeed. Conference
Which of the following statements about caucuses is most accurate?a. They are often comprised of members of one politics party.b. That is rarely for people with a typical interest to type a caucus.c. Together interest groups within conference they have power end legislation.d. They only take project contributions from people like themselves.
Source: Authors\" calculation of data native Keith Poole, \"The Polarization of CongressionalParties,\" Voteview, January 30, 2016.Based on the graph, i m sorry of the complying with statements is true?a. The Senate is currently much more polarized 보다 the home of Representatives.b. Both chambers are less polarized than they to be fifty years ago.c. The house is often an ext polarized 보다 the Senate.d. The residence has come to be less polarized and also the Senate much more polarized end time
Credit: J.B. Handelsman/The Cartoon Bank; \"Mr. Speaker, will certainly the gentleman from tiny Firearms yield the floor come the gentleman from huge Tobacco?\"Which of the adhering to is the cartoonist\"s main argument?a. Congressmen have actually a diverse collection of interests to represent.b. Interest teams play too big a function in plan making.c. An ext lobbyists have actually been elected to conference than ever before before.c. Interest groups only stand for controversial issues.
\"Every invoice which shall have actually passed the house of Representatives and also the Senate, shall, before it come to be a law, be presented to the president of the united States; if he grant he shall authorize it, yet if not he candlestick return it, v his objections to that home in which that shall have actually originated, who shall... Proceed to reconsider it. If after together reconsideration 2 thirds the that house shall agree to happen the bill, it shall be sent, in addition to the objections, to the other House, by which it shall similarly be reconsidered, and if approved by 2 thirds of that House, that shall end up being a law.... If any kind of bill shall not be returned by the President in ~ ten days (Sundays excepted) after that shall have actually been presented to him, the same shall be a law, in prefer manner together if he had actually signed it...\"--Article I, section 7, U.S. Constitution, 1787According come the Constitution, how can a bill end up being a legislation without the president\"s signature?a. The vice President deserve to sign it together the chairman of the Senate.b. Congress deserve to override the veto through a 2/3 poll in both houses.c. Congress can need a bill end up being a law if a bulk of both residences voted because that it.d. Conference committees can sign bills right into law.
\"Every bill which shall have actually passed the house of Representatives and the Senate, shall, before it become a law, be gift to the chairman of the joined States; if he give he shall authorize it, yet if not he chandelier return it, through his objections to that house in which the shall have actually originated, that shall... Continue to reconsider it. If after together reconsideration 2 thirds that that residence shall agree to pass the bill, that shall be sent, together with the objections, come the various other House, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if authorized by 2 thirds of the House, it shall come to be a law.... If any type of bill shall not be went back by the President in ~ ten days (Sundays excepted) after the shall have been presented to him, the very same shall it is in a law, in favor manner as if he had signed it...\"--Article I, section 7, U.S. Constitution, 1787How does article I, section 7 exemplify the ide of checks and also balances?a. Conference does not have to involve various other branches in lawmaking.b. States, v their congressional representatives, are connected in lawmaking.c. The constitution mandates that Congress establish committees.d. Nobody branch is single handedly in manage of making legislations for the country.

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What kind of legislature walk the constitution Convention create?a. Bicameralb. Directc. Unifiedd. Unicameral
Who is 2nd in government to the speak of the home in the home of Representative?a. Bulk leaderb. Majority whipc. Minority leaderd. President agree tempore
Which of the following is a difference in between members of Congress and the general population?a. Castle are less partisan.b. Lock are much less well paid.c. They often tend to be happier.d. Castle are normally wealthier.
What is a good example of conference casework?a. Analysis of one incumbent\"s policy positions prior to a debateb. Evaluation of water high quality within a districtc. Help a constituent through the Veterans Administrationd. Giving political speeches in ~ a political party
How might the pork barrel aid a conference member\"s district?a. Diverting unallocated accumulation to another government agencyb. Enhancing jobs and also revenue v federally funded projectsc. Enhancing revenue with private market investmentd. Count corporations less so they carry out health insurance because that employees
What duty do whips serve?a. To act as main spokespersons for your chambersb. To help the speaker schedule proposed regulation for debatec. To fulfill with members of the executive cabinetd. To persuade party members to support the party\"s priorities
How have the right to a filibuster can be ended?a. Abrogation sustained by fifty-one senatorsb. Censure poll on through fifty-five senatorsc. Cloture authorized by sixty senatorsd. Discharge voted on through sixty-seven senators
Which that the adhering to makes economic projections about the power of the economy, the costs of proposed policies, and the economic effects of taxing and also spending alternatives?a. Congressional budget plan Officeb. Congressional study Servicec. Home Ways and way Committeed. Senate banking Committee
Which committees exist in both the House and also Senate, may be short-lived or permanent, and usually have actually a certain focus?a. Ways and meansb. Caucusc. Selectd. Steering
Of the following groups, which is many underrepresented in Congress?a. African Americansb. Whitec. Hispanicsd. Women
Which committee is developed to reconcile differences in version of a bill passed by the House and also Senate?a. Arbitrationb. Conferencec. Standingd. Appropriations
Congress to let go the fact that various agencies with obligation for supervising the banking industry were negligent in identify looming financial difficulties that resulted in the recession the 2008-2009. This suggests a fail of __________.a. The seniority systemb. Jurisdiction fragmentationc. Oversightd. The informal company of Congress
Why might incumbents want to deemphasize their policy positions throughout a reelection campaign?a. Voters carry out not like feeling patronized by pointing out policies they space already totally aware of.b. Stressing plan positions can make enemies as well as friends.c. Stressing plan positions renders voters more uncertain about where the candidate was standing on crucial issues.d. Having actually clear policy positions provides it harder to attract project contributions from interest groups
How space Senate committee chairs generally selected?a. By votersb. Follow to seniorityc. Follow to aged. According to tact and also decorum
What type of law do party leaders from the two chambers that Congress sometimes use to attend to numerous and perhaps unrelated problems to create winning coalitions and force members to support the whole bill to achieve the separation, personal, instance parts? (HA)a. Advertisement hocb. Conferencec. Orthodoxd. Omnibus
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United claims Government: ours DemocracyDonald A. Ritchie, Richard C. Remy
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