The inquiry remains: What determinants led one undisciplined, unprepared, divided American country to prevail end the world"s biggest empire?


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Despite the prominence of the British navy in the 18th century, the early american naval pressures won many battles. This snapshot depicts the naval engagement that July 7, 1777, in between the American frigates Hancock, Boston, and HMS Fox, and the brother frigates Flora and also Rainbow.

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British Strengths and also American Weaknesses

The British appeared unbeatable. Throughout the previous 100 years, the british had appreciated triumph ~ triumph over countries as an effective as France and also Spain. At first glance, the odds were plainly against the Americans. A closer look gives insight into exactly how the underdogs emerged victorious.


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Britain"s military was the ideal in the world. Your soldiers were fine equipped, fine disciplined, fine paid, and also well fed. The british navy conquered the seas. Funds to be much much more easily increased by the empire than by the continental Congress.

Some of those accumulation were provided to rental Hessian mercenaries to fight the Americans.

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... And the Hessians, that are permitted to be the ideal of the German troops, space by no way equal come the brother in any kind of respect. I believe them steady, but their slowness is of the best disadvantage in a country almost covered through woods, and versus an opponent whose chief qualification is agility in to run from fence come fence and also thence maintaining up an irregular, yet galling fire top top troops who advance with the same pace as at your exercise. Irradiate infantry accustomed to fight from tree to tree, or charge even in woods; and Grenadiers that after the first fire lose no time in loading again, however rush on, trusting completely to that most decisive of tools the bayonet, will ever before be premium to any kind of troops the Rebels have the right to bring versus them. Such space the British, and such the an approach of fighting which has actually been attended with consistent success ....

– sublievenant W. Hale, letter to unknown recipient (March 23, 1778)

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The Americans had tremendous challenge raising sufficient funds come purchase simple supplies for your troops, including shoes and blankets. The British had actually a win tradition. Approximately one in 5 Americans openly favored the Crown, with about fifty percent of the population hoping to protect against the problem altogether. Most Indian people sided through Britain, who promised defense of defect lands.


American Strengths and also British Weaknesses


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Although American troops may not have had the military force and also economic base that their brothers rivals had, lock did believe strongly in your fight for freedom and liberty. The continental Congress adopted this "Stars and Stripes" as its main flag top top June 14, 1777.

On the various other hand, the americans had plenty of intangible advantages.

The British battled a war much from home. Army orders, troops, and supplies sometimes took month to reach their destinations. The British had an extremely daunting objective. They had actually to sway the americans to provide up their cases of independence. As lengthy as the war continued, the colonists" claim continued to gain validity. The geographic vastness that the swarms proved a hindrance come the brothers effort. In spite of occupying every significant city, the British stayed as in ~ a disadvantage.

Americans had a cool cause: fighting for your rights, their independence and their liberty. This reason is much more just 보다 waging a war to refuse independence. American military and political leaders were inexperienced, however proved how amazing competent.

The war was expensive and the British populace debated its necessity. In Parliament, there were plenty of American sympathizers. Finally, the alliance through the French offered Americans courage and a tangible risk that tipped the scales in America"s favor.


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Sons the the revolution in California
Spend some high quality time in ~ this boy of the transformation in California website and uncover some exciting facts and figures of the American Revolution. Although that doesn"t reveal the strengths and weaknesses of either side, the website does walk into great detail on many other aspects of the war. The best place to start is the "Battles" link. Clicking on any year in the chronology brings up a finish list that the battles of that year and also the dates they take it place. The "Casualties that the Revolutionary War" link (also under the "Battles" link) provides a comprehensive list the the dead and also wounded indigenous both the American and British forces. And also all this is only one link! various other links include "Flag History" and "Colonial Uniforms."
Uniforms that the American Revolution
Forget about strengths and also weaknesses! which side was the ideal dressed?

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The continent Navy had only 31 ships as soon as the Colonies declared their self-reliance from brother in 1776.Learn More...

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