Russia and Canada have three dams each of the world’s 10 biggest dams, if Africa hosts three, and also Egypt and also Venezuela have one each. brickandmortarphilly.com.com file the 10 best dams in the world by reservoir storage capacity.
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Kariba Dam, ZimbabweKariba Dam is the world’s biggest dam based upon water warehouse capacity. Located at the previous Kariwa (Kariba) Gorge, the dam creates Lake Kariba, which has actually a storage capacity of 185 billion cubic metres that water and a surface ar area the 5,580km2. The Lake Kariba consist of a length of 280km and also is 32km vast at that widest section.The dual curvature concrete arch dam is owned by Zambezi flow Authority and was constructed in between 1955 and 1959 by Impresit that Italy. The dam is designed to avert a one in 10,000-year overwhelming event.
The dam is 128m high, 617m in length, and was constructed using 1.036 million cubic metres the concrete. The comprises of two power train station generating a an unified 1,470MW that energy, i m sorry constitutes approximately 60% of the hydropower outputs because that Zambia and also Zimbabwe.
Bratsk Dam, RussiaBratsk Dam in Siberia, Russia, ranks together the 2nd biggest dam in the world thanks come its 169.27 billion cubic metres reservoir. The dam impounds the Angara River and also the reservoir developed by it covers a surface ar area that 5,540km2.
The concrete gravity dam is own by Irkutskenergo and also was built from 1954 to 1964 through Bratskgesstroy (formerly Nizhneangargesstroy management).The dam is 125m high and also 1,452m in length, and also has a rail line and also a highway top top its top. The power plant in ~ the dam has an installed capacity of 4,500MW making up of 18 Francis turbines.
Akosombo Dam, GhanaAkosombo dam, situated in Ghana, is the third biggest dam based upon water storage capacity. Built on the Volta River, the dam creates the 8,500km2 Lake Volta, i m sorry is the world’s biggest reservoir by surface ar area. The lake impounds a mammoth 144 exchange rate cubic metres that water.The rock-fill embankment dam has a crest size of around 700m and also a height of 134m, and also involved 12 million cubic metres of surface excavation. It was constructed from 1961 to 1966 primarily for the function of electricity generation, but likewise provides a livelihood for around 300,000 people through fisheries in the lake.Volta river Authority owns the dam and IMPREGILO-Italy was the main building contractor. The strength plant at the dam consists of 6 turbo generator devices rated at 128,000kW each.
Daniel Johnson Dam, Canada
The Daniel Johnson Dam, also known as Manic 5 Dam, impounds the Manicouagan River that creates the Manicouagan Reservoir v a storage capacity of 139.8 exchange rate cubic metres. The reservoir, having a surface area that 1,973km2, is the 4th biggest in the world.The dam is additionally touted as the world’s greatest hollowbody multiple-arch-and-buttress dam. That is 1,310.6m long and also 213.97m high, and features 14 buttresses and 13 arches. That was built using 2.2 million cubic metres of concrete.The dam is owned by Hydro-Québec and was constructed from 1959 come 1968. The dam’s two power stations attribute 12 units v a merged installed capacity of 2,660MW.
Guri Dam, VenezuelaGuri, the world’s 5th biggest dam, has actually a storage volume of 135 exchange rate cubic metres and creates the Guri Lake extending 4,000km2. The concrete gravity and also embankment dam steps 1,300m in length and 16m in height, and provides for 70% of the country’s electricity needs. That is activate by CVG Electrification del Caroni CA (Edelca).The dam’s building and construction was lugged out in two stages, i beg your pardon commenced in 1963 and also completed in 1986. The Guri hydropower basic has mounted capacity of more than 10,000MW. A modernisation job for the dam is likewise currently underway including ABB together the key contractor.
Aswan High Dam, EgyptThe Aswan High Dam, i beg your pardon impounds the flow Nile and also creates Lake Nasser, is the sixth greatest dam based on water warehouse capacity. The dam’s reservoir, Lake Nasser, has actually a water storage capacity of 132 billion cubic metres.The rock-fill dam was designed by academy Hydroproject that Russia in teamwork with various engineers from Egypt. That was created from 1960 to 1968 with an invest of approximately $1bn. The dam’s power plant is equipped through 12 Francis turbines through a combined installed volume of 2,100MW.The multipurpose dam serves the irrigation needs that both Egypt and also Sudan, controls flooding, generates power, and helps in boosting navigation across the Nile. That is 111m in height, 3,830m in length, and has a base width of 980m. Its solitary spillway has actually a water discharge volume of 11,000 cubic metres a second.
W.A.C Bennett Dam, CanadaW.A.C Bennett Dam, built on the tranquility River in british Columbia, Canada, create the Williston lake. The dam ranks as the seventh biggest with a storage volume of roughly 74 billion cubic metres and also covers a surface area of 1,773km2.The planet fill embankment dam is operated by B.C Hydro, and also has a elevation of 183m andcrest length of 2,068m. The construction of the dam was commenced in 1961 and completed in 1967.The power generating station at the dam, known as the G.M. Shrum Generating Station, has an installed capacity that 2,790MW and also started generating electrical power in 1968.
Krasnoyarsk Dam, RussiaThe world’s eighth best dam is the Krasnoyarsk Dam, i beg your pardon impounds the Yenisey River and also creates the Krasnoyarskoye reservoir through a storage volume of 73.3 billion cubic metres. The reservoir consists a surface ar area of 2,000km2 and has a shoreline of around 1,560km.The concrete heaviness dam is 124m high, 1,065m in length, and also was created from1956 to 1972. It is designed with a flood discharge volume of 20,400m3 per second.The power station of the dam features 12 units v a an unified installed capacity of 6,000MW, used mainly to strength aluminium plants owned by RUSAL Company. The water native the reservoir additionally serves the purpose of irrigation.
Zeya Dam, RussiaThe Zeya Dam, built on the Zeya river in the Amur Oblast the Russia, north of the Chinese border, creates the Zeya reservoir with a storage capacity of 68.42 exchange rate cubic metres, i beg your pardon is the ninth best dam based on reservoir capacity. The reservoir consist of a surface area the 2,419km2.The concrete gravity dam has actually an all at once height the 112m, a crest size of 714.2m, and also was constructed utilising 2.067 million cubic metres the concrete.The Zeya Dam is own by RusHydro and was constructed by Zeyagesstroy and Bureyagesstroy from 1964 come 1975. The dam’s strength plant comprises of six generating units v a combined installed capacity of 1,290MW. The strength plant attributes the world’s very first adjustable-blade diagonal-flow turbines.
Robert-Bourassa Dam, CanadaThe Robert Bourassa Dam impounding the La Grande flow in northern Quebec, Canada, create the Robert-Bourassa Reservoir. The is the world’s tenth biggest dam and has a reservoir volume of 61.7 billion cubic metres extending a surface ar area of 2,815km2.The embankment dam is 162m high and also 2,835m in length, and features a spillway which has a volume to release17,600m3 of water every second.The dam is owned by Hydro-Québec and was constructed from 1974 come 1981. The dam’s 2 power plants space fitted v 16 Francis turbines having a an unified installed capacity of 5,616MW. Alstom is moving out a major refurbishment and also upgrade the the dam’s strength stations.
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