4) The junction form that allows bordering cells exadjust little molecules is the

A) desmosome.

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B) hemidesmosome.

C) gap junction.

D) tight junction.

E) zonula adherens.


5) Functions of epithelia include every one of the complying with except

A) providing physical defense.

B) regulating permeability.

C) absorption.

D) developing specialized secretions.

E) sustaining muscle cells.


6) Epithelial cells that are adjusted for absorption normally have actually ________ at their complimentary surchallenge.

A) mitochondria

B) cilia

C) microvilli

D) junctional complexes

E) Golgi complexes


7) A kind of intercellular junction that stops products from crossing an epithelium in between cells is dubbed a(n)

A) tight junction.

B) gap junction.

C) intermediate junction.

D) desmosome.

E) All of the answers are correct.


8) Dead skin cells are shed in thin sheets because they are organized together by "spots" of proteoglyhave the right to reinrequired by intermediate filaments. Such strong intercellular connections are called

A) gap junctions.

B) intermediate junctions.

C) tight junctions.

D) desmosomes.

E) junctional complexes.


9) Epithelial cells exhibit changes that adapt them for

A) contractivity.

B) conduction.

C) secretion.

D) circulation.

E) assistance.


10) Epithelium is connected to underlying connective tconcern by

A) keratin.

B) interfacial canals.

C) a basement membrane.

D) a reticular lamina.

E) proteoglydeserve to.


11) Which tconcern lines the little intestine and the stomach?

A) basic squamous epithelium

B) easy cuboidal epithelium

C) basic columnar epithelium

D) pseudostvalidated ciliated columnar epithelium

E) stratified squamous epithelium


12) A layer of glycoproteins that stays clear of leakage of products from connective tconcerns right into epithelia is the

A) integral proteins.

B) clear layer.

C) matrix.

D) dense layer.

E) ground substance.


13) Epithelia committed for offering sensations of smell, taste, sight, equilibrium, and also hearing are known as

A) neuroepithelia.

B) psychoepithelia.

C) neuropsychoepithelia.

D) multilaminar epithelia.

E) protective epithelia.


14) Germiaboriginal cells

A) start in the superficial layers of epithelial tissue.

B) cannot divide in the deep layers of epithelial tissue.

C) make up many of the epithelial type of tproblem.

D) divide continually to produce new epithelial cells.

E) cannot attribute in the repair of epithelial tworry.


15) In stvalidated epithelia adjusted to withstand mechanical forces, which of the adhering to forms of cell-to-cell junctions are specifically abundant?

A) tight junctions

B) basolateral junctions

C) gap junctions

D) hemidesmosomes

E) desmosomes


16) Close examicountry of a healthy body organ reveals a lining of a number of layers of cells. The layers perform not contain any kind of blood vessels and one surface of the cells lines the cavity of the organ. This tproblem is a kind of

A) epithelium.

B) muscle tproblem.

C) connective tproblem.

D) neural tproblem.

E) fat tworry.


17) Examicountry of a tworry sample reveals teams of cells united by junctional complexes and interlocking membranes. The cells have actually one totally free surface and also absence blood vessels. The tworry is most most likely ________ tissue.

A) muscle

B) neural

C) epithelial

D) connective

E) adipose


18) Transitional epithelium is found

A) lining the urinary bladder.

B) lining the ducts that drainpipe sweat glands.

C) lining kidney tubules.

D) lining the stomach.

E) at the surconfront of the skin.


19) The heart and also blood vessels are lined by ________ epithelium.

A) pseudostvalidated columnar

B) transitional

C) basic cuboidal

D) basic columnar

E) basic squamous


20) You would uncover pseudostratified columnar epithelium lining the

A) trachea.

B) urinary bladder.

C) secretory portions of the pancreas.

D) surconfront of the skin.

E) stomach.


21) Which of the complying with statements about basic epithelia is false?

A) They afford little mechanical defense.

B) They are characteristic of areas where secretion or absorption occurs.

C) They line internal compartments and passagemethods.

D) They cover surfaces based on mechanical or chemical tension.

E) They are avascular.


22) Cells that are level and also thin are classified as

A) columnar.

B) squamous.

C) blasts.

D) transitional.

E) cuboidal.


23) Mesothelium is to the body cavities as endothelium is to the

A) kidneys.

B) heart and also blood vessels.

C) urinary bladder.

D) mouth.

E) huge intestine.


24) The epithelia that line body cavities and also blood vessels are classified as

A) straightforward squamous.

B) stratified squamous.

C) straightforward cuboidal.

D) stratified cuboidal.

E) transitional.


25) Secretions via a duct could provide ________, whereas ductmuch less secretions act as ________.

A) lubrication; lubricators

B) enzymes; hormones

C) transfer media; physical protectors

D) superficial relief; interstitial fluid

E) odors; alarms


26) The 2 significant types of cell layering in epithelia are

A) simple and proper.

B) stratified and pseudostvalidated.

C) squamous and simple.

D) easy and also stratified.

E) cuboidal and columnar.


27) The epithelium that forms air sacs in the lungs is ________ epithelium.

A) stratified squamous

B) basic cuboidal

C) simple squamous

D) transitional

E) easy columnar


28) The function of straightforward cuboidal epithelium is

A) assistance and framework.

B) security and also transfer.

C) phagocytosis and also immunity.

D) absorption and also secretion.

E) storage and also retrieval.


29) The examine of cells shed from epithelial surencounters, frequently for diagnostic functions, is termed

A) histology.

B) physiology.

C) anatomy.

D) embryology.

E) exfoliative cytology.


30) The Pap test for cervical cancer utilizes

A) histology.

B) physiology.

C) anatomy.

D) embryology.

E) exfoliative cytology.


31) Glands that secrete hormones into the interstitial liquid are ________ glands.

A) endocrine

B) interstitial

C) exocrine

D) merocrine

E) holocrine


32) Cells that are specialized for secretion

A) have actually a free surchallenge that is level.

B) have a little nucleus.

C) are typically squamous.

D) exhilittle bit polarity.

E) are found only in the digestive device.


33) Watery perspiration is an example of a(n) ________ secretion.

A) merocrine

B) apocrine

C) holocrine

D) serous

E) mucous


34) Glands that secrete their product by the bursting of cells are ________ glands.

A) apocrine

B) sudoriferous

C) holocrine

D) endocrine

E) merocrine


35) The pancreas produces ________ secretions.

A) serous and also sebaceous

B) mucous and also acid

C) merocrine and also holocrine

D) exocrine and also endocrine

E) secretory and absorptive


37) A gland created by cells arranged in a blind pocket with a solitary unbranched duct would certainly be called

A) simple tubular.

B) easy alveolar.

C) compound tubular.

D) compound alveolar.

E) tubuloalveolar.


38) Which of the following tissues are classified as "connective tconcern proper"?

1. areolar connective tissue

2. adipose tissue

3. fibrocartilage

4. thick ircontinual connective tissue

A) 3 and also 4

B) 1, 2, and 3

C) 1 and 2

D) 1, 2, and 4

E) 1 and 3


39) Which cell produces the protein fibers in areolar connective tissue?

A) squamous cell

B) adipocyte

C) fibroblast

D) chondroblast

E) chondrocyte


41) The viscous product in between cells of areolar connective tissue is referred to as the

A) cytosol.

B) ground substance.

C) cytoplasm.

D) crista.

E) gel matrix.


42) Cells that keep fat are called

A) lipocytes.

B) macrocytes.

C) adipocytes.

D) podocytes.

E) melanocytes.


43) The framework or stroma of organs such as the spleen, liver, and lymph nodes is comprised of ________ tworry.

A) loose connective

B) continual dense connective

C) ircontinual dense connective

D) reticular connective

E) adipose


44) The leading fiber kind in thick connective tissue is

A) collagen.

B) elastin.

C) actin.

D) myosin.

E) connectin.


45) Each of the following is an instance of thick connective tproblem except

A) tendons.

B) ligaments.

C) aponeuroses.

D) areolar tproblem.

E) elastic tproblem.


46) The three categories of connective tworries are

A) connective tconcern proper, liquid connective tconcern, and also supporting connective tproblem.

B) epithelial connective tissue, muscle connective tproblem, and neural connective tproblem.

C) glandular connective tissue, exocrine connective tproblem, and also endocrine connective tworry.

D) connective tconcern proper, cartilage connective tworry, and also bone connective tconcern.

E) areolar connective tconcern, adipose connective tproblem, and thick connective tissue


47) Two classes of macrophages include

A) mesenchymal cells and also melanocytes.

B) mast cells and basophils.

C) solved macrophperiods and totally free macropheras.

D) neutrophils and eosinophils.

E) microphperiods and adipocytes.


48) Two forms of microphages include

A) mesenchymal cells and also melanocytes.

B) mast cells and also basophils.

C) addressed macropheras and cost-free macropheras.

D) neutrophils and eosinophils.

E) micropheras and also adipocytes.


49) Tworries that carry out toughness and also support for areas based on stresses from many type of directions are

A) all connective tconcerns appropriate.

B) elastic and hyaline cartilage.

C) thick irconsistent connective tconcerns.

D) reticular connective tissues.

E) dense constant connective tworries.


50) What kind of cell renders up virtually fifty percent the volume of blood?

A) erythrocyte

B) leukocyte

C) platelet

D) monocyte

E) phagocyte


51) Wharton"s jelly is a kind of

A) Marfan"s syndrome.

B) mucous connective tissue.

C) ground substance.

D) collagen fiber.

E) embryonic epithelium.


52) Which of the complying with connective tworry cells produces collagen?

A) adipocytes

B) fibroblasts

C) macrophages

D) mast cells

E) lymphocytes


53) ________ connect skeletal muscles to bones, and also ________ affix one bone to another.

A) Ligaments; tendons

B) Ligaments; aponeuroses

C) Tendons; ligaments

D) Aponeuroses; tendons

E) Reticular tissues; tendons


54) The 3 kinds of protein fibers in connective tworry are

A) tendons, ligaments, and elastic ligaments.

B) loose, thick, and also irregular.

C) cartilage, bone, and collagen.

D) collagen, reticular, and elastic.

E) polar, cellular, and permeable.


55) The shade distinction between white fat and brvery own fat exists because brown fat

A) includes energetic melanocytes.

B) is even more superficial.

C) traps pollutants.

D) is extremely vascular.

E) is even more mature.


56) Cells that engulf bacteria or cell debris within loose connective tproblem are

A) fibroblasts.

B) macrophages.

C) adipocytes.

D) mast cells.

E) melanocytes.


57) Loose connective tworry functions in all of the following ways except

A) giving strong relations between muscles and bones.

B) sustaining epithelia.

C) anchoring blood vessels and nerves.

D) cushioning and stabilizing.

E) filling spaces between organs.


58) Antibodies are created by

A) macropheras.

B) micropheras.

C) plasma cells.

D) mast cells.

E) fibroblasts.


59) Cells that respond to injury by splitting to aid in connective tissue repair are

A) mast cells.

B) fibroblasts.

C) plasmocytes.

D) mesenchymal cells.

E) lymphocytes.


60) The most prevalent form of cartilage is ________ cartilage.

A) ligamentous

B) hyaline

C) elastic

D) fibrous

E) osseous


62) Chondroitin sulfate is abundant in the matrix of

A) epithelial tconcern.

B) cartilage.

C) areolar tconcern.

D) elastic connective tworry.

E) adipose tconcern.


63) Which kind of connective tissue is uncovered in the trachea and in between the ribs and also sternum?

A) areolar connective tissue

B) hyaline cartilage

C) elastic cartilage

D) fibrous cartilage

E) thick constant connective tissue


64) A tissue via a gel matrix and cells inside lacunae is

A) areolar connective tworry.

B) cartilage.

C) bone.

D) epithelium.

E) dense continual connective tworry.


65) Cartilage is separated from neighboring tworries by a fibrous

A) perichondrium.

B) ground substance.

C) periosteum.

D) chondroplasm.

E) matrix.


66) Chondrocytes are to cartilage as osteocytes are to

A) blood.

B) epithelium.

C) fat.

D) bone.

E) neural tproblem.


67) Damage to a joint cartilage is affecting which type of tissue?

A) fluid connective tissue

B) thick connective tissue

C) sustaining connective tissue

D) loose connective tissue

E) adipose tissue


68) Unlike cartilage, bone

A) is a connective tissue.

B) has actually a matrix that has collagen.

C) is extremely vascular.

D) has an outer extending.

E) has actually cells within lacunae.


69) Which of the following membranes line cavities that interact through the exterior of the body?

A) mucous

B) serous

C) cutaneous

D) synovial

E) pleural


70) The reduction of friction in between the parietal and visceral surfaces of an inner cavity is the attribute of

A) cutaneous membranes.

B) mucous membranes.

C) serous membranes.

D) synovial membranes.

E) the lamina propria.


71) The serous membrane lining the abdominal cavity is the

A) pleura.

B) peritoneum.

C) pericardium.

D) periosteum.

E) perichondrium.


72) The term transuday describes fluid linked with

A) mucus membranes.

B) mammary glands.

C) cutaneous membranes.

D) serous membranes.

E) endocrine glands.


73) Microscopic examination of a tconcern reveals a loosened structure of fibers installed in a big volume of fluid ground substance and also adipocytes and also mast cells fibers. This tworry would certainly the majority of likely have come from the

A) inner wall of a blood vessel.

B) lungs.

C) spleen.

D) superficial fascia in between skin and also muscle.

E) bony socket of the eye.


74) The frame of connective tconcern between the skin and also underlying muscles is called the

A) dermis.

B) superficial fascia.

C) deep fascia.

D) subcutaneous layer.

E) subserous fascia.


75) Which of the following describes the thick connective tworry that surrounds a muscle and blends with the tendon?

A) superficial fascia

B) hypodermis

C) deep fascia

D) subserous fascia

E) subcutaneous layer


76) Tissue that is specialized for contraction is ________ tproblem.

A) loose connective

B) thick connective

C) epithelial

D) nerve

E) muscle


77) Myosatellite cells are uncovered in association with ________ muscle.

A) skeletal

B) smooth

C) cardiac

D) involuntary

E) both smooth and cardiac


78) Intercalated discs and also pacemaker cells are characteristic of ________ tissue.

A) smooth muscle

B) cardiac muscle

C) skeletal muscle

D) all kinds of muscle

E) nerve


79) The muscle tworry that reflects no striations is ________ muscle.

A) skeletal

B) cardiac

C) smooth

D) voluntary

E) multinucleated


80) Tconcern that is specialized for the conduction of electrical impulses is ________ tissue.

A) connective

B) neural

C) areolar

D) osseous

E) epithelial


81) All of the complying with are true of neurons except that

A) once mature, they lose the capability to divide.

B) they conduct a nervous impulse.

C) they are written of a cell body and also axon.

D) they are a really specialized form of connective tproblem.

E) they are separated from one another by synapses.


82) During an inflammatory response to injury, which of the adhering to is the least most likely in the region of the injury?

A) boost in basophils

B) rise in histamine

C) boost in blood flow

D) cold, pale skin

E) swelling


83) The long-term replacement of normal tconcern by fibrous tproblem is called

A) inflammation.

B) apoptosis.

C) fibrosis.

D) cystosis.

E) necrosis.


84) Tproblem changes through age include all of the adhering to except

A) less effective tconcern maintenance.

B) proliferation of epidermal cells.

C) thinner epithelia.

D) more fragile connective tworries.

E) diminished capacity to repair tworry damages.


1) The study of tproblems is called

A) cytology.

B) toxicology.

C) micrology.

D) histology.

E) mycology.


2) An epithelial cell can be divided into two functional regions. They are the ________ and also the basal surconfront.

A) apical

B) pinnacle

C) topical

D) crest

E) apogeal


3) ________ are proteins that attach surrounding cells at a gap junction.

A) Bindins

B) Adhesions

C) Connexins

D) Attachons

E) Tieons


4) The epithelium that lines the body cavities is known as

A) perithelium.

B) myothelium.

C) intrathelium.

D) endothelium.

E) mesothelium.


6) Which of the complying with glands have a compound rather than a simple structure?

A) salivary glands

B) sebaceous glands

C) mucous glands

D) sweat glands

E) gastric glands


7) The procedure of lactation (milk production) depends on both merocrine and also ________ secretion by mammary gland also epithelial cells.

A) epicrine

B) eccrine

C) holocrine

D) apocrine

E) endocrine


8) The viscous component of connective tworry is called

A) basal layer.

B) ground substance.

C) matrix.

D) lymph.

E) plasma.


9) The combination of fibers and also ground substance in sustaining connective tissues is recognized as

A) collagen.

B) cartilage.

C) chondroitin.

D) matrix.

E) scaffold.


10) The watery liquid component of blood is called

A) hemosol.

B) liquid facets.

C) created elements.

D) hemoplasm.

E) plasma.


11) In areolar connective tworry, ________ cells release histamine.

A) plasma

B) mast

C) mesenchymal

D) gland

E) goblet


12) The three major subdivisions of extracellular liquid discovered in the body are plasma, interstitial liquid, and

A) synovial liquid.

B) urine.

C) sweat.

D) lymph.

E) serous fluid.


13) Interstitial fluid that enters a lymphatic vessel is called

A) plasma.

B) lymph.

C) blood.

D) humoral liquid.

E) plasmin liquid.


14) The three kinds of formed aspects in blood are erythrocytes, leukocytes, and

A) lymphocytes.

B) platelets.

C) phagocytes.

D) plasma cells.

E) mast cells.


15) Lymphocytes can construct right into cells that secrete defense proteins versus illness. These cells are termed ________, while these proteins are dubbed antibodies.

A) T cells

B) B cells

C) plasma cells

D) immunocytes

E) phagocytes


16) Defense cells in blood are called white blood cells or

A) leukocytes.

B) lymphocytes.

C) erythrocytes.

D) thrombocytes.

E) immunocytes.


17) Antiangiogenesis element is a chemical created by ________ that blocks the growth of blood vessels.

A) leukocytes

B) lymphocytes

C) chondrocytes

D) erythrocytes

E) mesenchymal cells


18) A herniated disc is an injury of the pads of cartilage between the vertebrae in which the cartilage bulges from normal position. What type of cartilage is affected?

A) mesenchymal

B) fibrous

C) elastic

D) hyaline

E) articular


19) Growth of cartilage by accumulation of matrix roughly chondrocytes is dubbed ________ expansion.

A) appositional

B) intrasitional

C) transitional

D) transformational

E) interstitial


20) In ________ development, cartilage grows larger or thicker in diameter.

A) appositional

B) intrasitional

C) transitional

D) transformational

E) interstitial


21) Epithelia and connective tissues integrate to create ________ that cover and also defend other structures and tproblems in the body.

A) fasciae

B) aponeuroses

C) body organ capsules

D) cutaneous layers

E) body membranes


22) The loose connective tissue component of a mucous membrane is referred to as the

A) lamina densa.

B) basal lamina.

C) areolar lamina.

D) lamina propria.

E) mucina lamina.


23) Accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity as a result of liver or kidney illness, malnutrition, or heart faientice is recognized as

A) edema.

B) ischemia.

C) inflammation.

D) ascites.

E) infarction.

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24) The attribute of ________ is to propagate electric signals from one location to one more.