this pages look in ~ the vocabulary of renowned Music v its history, genres, people and also songs. Every page has actually a Wordchecker—with example sentences—to explain vocabulary on the page. Because that a complete list the vocabulary offered see Vocabulary the Music.

You are watching: Match the musician with the style of music

Nearly every one of the most important genres of famous music in the last century have come indigenous the USA. This is wherein African and European musical heritages came together, and also it"s this mixture of heritages that provided birth to renowned music.

Photo right: The Nat King Cole Trio, v Nat at the piano, in 1948 (NBC Radio public Domain)

What is popular music Music? just what is popular music Music? Is it pop or popular? This page explains all.


When numerous Africans to be transported come America as servants in the 18th and 19th centuries, your melodies and rhythms went v them. Lock knew the singing together made working easier, and it remained in these work songs the African rhythms and melodies were kept until slavery ended in 1865. Many African Americans came to be Christians and also sang hymns in church. Rather learned to play famous songs and dance tunes for money. But whenever castle sang and also played, the african rhythms the the old job-related songs could be heard. And also when lock expressed their feelings through creating brand-new songs, afri melodies can be heard in the tunes.

It to be this new mix of African and also Western music that led to the genre we now contact "blues". Part blues songs told story of heartbreak and also pain, and also these were frequently slow and sad. However others were around being in love, or having actually fun, and these to be up-tempo and good to run to. Miscellaneous blues styles arisen over the years, some in small towns the the American south and others in cities like Chicago and brand-new Orleans. But wherever the music was played, listener heard a sound that was going come influence almost every genre of well-known music to come, from jazz and also soul to hip hop. If you"d favor to hear some early on blues, try searching because that the recordings of blind Willie McTell, Bukka White and also Lightnin" Hopkins. For later on blues, try Billie Holiday, Muddy Waters, Howlin" Wolf and also John Lee Hooker.


Most african American musicians just played blues, but some played classical music together well and learned european harmony. Some also mixed european harmony through the rhythms and scales the blues, and it was from this mixture that "jazz" was born. Among jazz"s biggest musicians was the trumpet player louis Armstrong, who aided to develop many styles of jazz. He to be in brand-new Orleans, his residence town, in the 1910s once the marching-band layout of new Orleans jazz (or "dixieland") to be being born. In the 1920s he remained in Chicago inventing new ways that improvising with Joe "King" Oliver and also his band. Then he was in brand-new York City in the 1930s once big band jazz and also swing were developing. These brand-new styles were played by jazz orchestras v a rhythm section (drums, double bass, piano and also guitar), brass and also woodwind sections, and sometimes strings and one or much more singers. Swing was hugely famous in the 1940 s, coming to be the music that almost everyone danced to. Several of the greatest jazz orchestras to be those led by duke Ellington, counting Basie and Fletcher Henderson, through whom luigi Armstrong played. All the most well-known singers the the day, prefer Bing Crosby, candid Sinatra and also Nat King Cole, sang through jazz orchestras.

But by the 1950s countless young musicians no much longer wanted come play in jazz orchestras. They want the flexibility to improvise and also began experimenting in their own bands. Before long lock were playing exciting brand-new styles prefer bebop and also modal jazz. These new styles weren"t as simple to run to together swing, so they weren"t as popular, however they uncovered a new audience of severe listeners because that whom modern-day jazz was art music fairly than well-known music. The best of this musicians had Charlie Parker, Thelonious Monk, john Coltrane, miles Davis and Charles Mingus.

Rhythm and also Blues

As jazz was becoming much more and more popular in the 1930s and 1940 s, another brand-new genre was starting to develop. Numerous African american were experienced blues musicians, yet making money wasn"t easy. Castle formed tiny bands and also looked for work-related in cheap bars and clubs. But to gain work, they had actually to tempt audiences. Many young civilization who checked out these locations thought blues to be old-fashioned, therefore the bands had to build a brand-new style, and what they developed was "rhythm and blues" (or R&B*).

Photo right: louis Jordan’s Tympany 5 in brand-new York, mid-1940’s (William P. Gottlieb publicly Domain)

The at an early stage forms of R&B to be loud and also lively and mostly play on drums, twin bass, and electric guitar. Singers were males or ladies with big voices, and also audiences love it. The style quickly spread transparent the country, with larger bands including piano, trumpet and saxophone. R&B was an excellent fun and perfect for dancing, and by the mid-1940s numerous bands were selling records. Two of the greatest sellers were T-Bone Walker and Louis Jordan"s "Tympany Five", who had actually a number-one hit in 1944 v G.I. Jive. Later R&B artists incorporate Ruth Brown, Bo Diddley, Muddy Waters and Ray Charles.

*The ax "R&B" is currently used to define romantic soul songs and also ballads, a very different style to the original R&B.

Rock and Roll

by the beforehand 1950 s, another new genre called "rock and also roll" (or "rock"n"roll") was being developed by musician who can play both R&B and also Western Swing, a popular style of country dance music. This brand-new music to be played ~ above the same set of instruments as R&B - electric guitar, dual bass and also drums - with the guitarist frequently singing as well. It had a strong blues beat and also an R&B feel, however the melodies were favor those of country music. It was great to dance to, and also rock and roll dance styles soon emerged as well. The lyrics were funny to listen to, and it quickly became popular, specifically when teens heard rock and roll records on the radio.

One that the very first bands to document was "Bill Hayley and His Comets" who had a fight single through Rock about the Clock in 1954. Lock were considerably influenced by R&B artists choose Louis Jordan and large Joe Turner, as were numerous others like small Richard and Chuck Berry, who 1956 solitary Roll over Beethoven ended up being a substantial hit. Jerry Lee Lewis, that amazed audiences v his wild piano playing, additionally became very popular.

But rock and roll appeared wild and also dangerous to countless parents, particularly when they witnessed the sexy dancing of a handsome young singer called Elvis Presley. There to be nothing they might do to protect against their kids from love rock and roll and also being fans that Elvis, however. He became hugely successful and made rock and also roll among the most renowned styles of music not only in America, but throughout the world. Elvis had countless hit singles, including Hound Dog, Heartbreak Hotel and Jailhouse Rock, and also he soon became known as "the king of rock and also roll" or just "the king".

Video: big Joe Turner performing his 1954 song Shake, Rattle and also Roll

The 1960s

In the at an early stage 60s a new genre referred to as Rock Music started to develop when young musicians linked the rock and also roll the artists choose Elvis with aspects of R&B. New styles the Country Music likewise became renowned in the 60s, as did a new style the melodic R&B referred to as Soul Music. Later on in the 60s heart artists favor James Brown emerged a much more rhythmic style called funk, and funk brought about many new styles the Dance Music in the 70s, the 80s and beyond. In the so late 70s a new genre called Hip Hop also developed. I know good hop is currently one the the most well-known styles the music in the world, and like all significant genres of famous music it’s produced plenty of hit singles top top the Pop Music charts.

Best-selling famous Music artist of all Time

The popularity of artists is generally measured by the variety of singles and albums castle sell, and also sales are listed in the music charts. The ten many successful artists of every time are listed below. Review the list and see how plenty of different genres of popular music you can find. The Beatles - brother pop and rock band Elvis Presley - American rock and also roll, pop and also gospel artist Michael Jackson - American soul, pop and dance-pop artistMadonna - American pop and also dance-pop artistElton John - brothers rock and pop singer-songwriter Led Zeppelin - brother blues, R&B and rock tape Pink Floyd - british rock band Mariah Carey - American pop and also soul artist Celine Dion - Canadian pop, soul and also jazz artist Whitney Houston - American pop and soul artist

Did you notification that the list doesn"t include any type of young artists? This is because they haven"t had actually time to offer as numerous recordings as the artist listed. Yet if friend look in ~ a similar list in a couple of years, you might find few of today"s renowned artists consisted of as well.

album (noun): a record or sound file with an ordered collection of songs - Michael Jackson"s album Thriller has actually sold an ext copies than any type of other album.

ballad (noun): a slow-moving song usually around love - Janis sings up-tempo absent songs as well as slow ballads.

bebop (noun): a facility style that up-tempo jazz indigenous the 1950s - The finest bepop player I ever before heard to be Charlie Parker.

big band (noun): a huge jazz band, esp. One that plays huge band jazz - Most famous singers the the 30s and 40s had actually their own huge bands.

brass (noun): instruments made that brass, incl. Trumpet, trombone and also tuba - Australian rock band "The Saints" supplied a brass section on their 2nd album.

(the) charts (noun): a perform of the best-selling singles or albums the the previous mainly - That track Happy by Pharrell Williams to be at the top of the charts because that weeks.

dance-pop (noun): up-tempo pop music with a run rhythm - Lady Gaga has created some good dance-pop singles.

double bass (noun): a large stringed instrument for play low note - In jazz, double bass strings space plucked instead of bowed.

fan (noun): someone that likes a details artist or band very much - Barry"s a really large fan the Bob Dylan.

gospel music (noun): rhythmic church music of african American christians - We heard some good gospel music in those old churches.

hit (noun): a best-selling song near the peak of the music charts - One the the best hits ever before was Bohemian Rhapsody through Queen.

hymn (noun): a religious song that"s sung in church - My grandma loves to sing those old hymns.

improvise (verb): to invent music spontaneously while playing - If you want to it is in a jazz musician, you have to learn exactly how to improvise.

modal jazz (noun): jazz that offers Arabic or Indian modes rather of European scales - John Coltrane play some an excellent modal jazz.

record (noun): a slim disc of black plastic ~ above which recorded music is imprinted and sold - I bought several punk rock records in the 1970 s.

scale (noun): a series of notes in a resolved order from lowest to greatest - The significant and minor scales each have actually seven notes.

singer-songwriter (noun): a musician who writes and performs his or her very own songs - Most singer-songwriters play etc or piano when singing.

single (noun): a little record with a track on each side, or a sound paper with one track - The Beatles had much more hit singles than any type of other band.

soul (noun): a layout of music that combines R&B and also gospel music - Two of my favourite heart singers room Al Green and Marvin Gaye.

strings (noun): one orchestral string section with violins, violas, cellos and dual bass - Only the best jazz orchestras had actually strings.

swing (noun): up-tempo jazz for dancing played by big bands or jazz orchestras - Benny Goodman wrote lots of swing tunes.

tune (noun): a track or melody - I know the tune, but I can"t psychic what it"s called.

up-tempo (or "uptempo") (adjective): having actually a quick beat - If you desire to create a happy song, it should be up-tempo.

See more: A Foreign Key Is A Field (Or Group Of Fields) That Uniquely Identifies A Given Record In A Table.

woodwind (n): instruments played through blowing across a feet (e.g. Flute) or through a reed (e.g. Saxophone) - Are you certain the saxophone is a woodwind instrument?

Contributor: Matt Errey. Matt is the author of several books including 1000 Phrasal verb in Context and Common English Idioms because that learners, and Matt"s ESL Games and Quizzes because that teachers. The is likewise creator of native UP, the world"s #1 EFL plank game.