One the the many common causes of spinal cord injury is hyperextension of the neck.

You are watching: Hyperextension injuries of the spine are most commonly the result of:

Excessive pressure or trauma deserve to dislocate vertebrae and compress the spinal cord, causing paralysis the affects your sensation or movement.

To assist you understand what to suppose after spinal cord injuries caused by neck hyperextension, this post will go over that causes, symptoms, and also recovery outlook.

Understanding Hyperextension and Spinal Cord Injury


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Hyperextension the the neck most generally results in a form of spinal cord injury calledcentral cord syndrome. About15-25%of incomplete spinal cord injuries an outcome in central cord syndrome.

High-impact pressures are responsible because that hyperextension that the neck, i beg your pardon occurs once the neck unexpectedly extends and also causes vertebrae to dislocate and also compress the spinal cord. These types of injuries frequently occur in motor automobile accidents, falls, or contact sports.

Depending on exactly how severely the neck is hyperextended, there is potential for various functions innervated by locations below her level the spinal cord injury to it is in damaged.

What to mean After Neck Hyperextension Spinal Cord Injury

Your spinal cord is split into 5 key sections. The uppermostsection approximately the neck is your cervical spinalcord.

Damage come the cervical spinal cord can result in:

1.Paralysis in the Upper and also Lower Body


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The spinal cord is responsible because that relaying sensory and also motor information in between your brain and body. Once you touch something, her body sends sensory information to your brain. Your mind then procedures that information and sends motor signals ago down to the muscles to react.

After a spinal cord injury, details may not be able to get previous the injury site, leading to paralysis of functions below thelevel that injury.

Because the neck provides up the uppermost section of the spinal cord, individuals who hyperextend their neck will endure some form of paralysis in the upper and lower parts of the body.

The severity of her spinal cord injury will determine just how much regulate you have actually over the affected functions.

Inability to totally control your movements generally results in lessened physical activity, which have the right to cause:

2.Bowel and also Bladder Dysfunction


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Spinal cord injury from neck hyperextension have the right to also influence your capability to feel.

Because sensory details from her body cannot reach the brain, you may be can not to sense as soon as you should use the bathroom.

Additionally, mind signals to contract and also relax may not be able to reach the locations of the spinal cord that regulate the bladder and also bowel muscles.

Therefore, to prevent accidents, learning how to manage bowel and bladder difficulties is essential.

Bladder complicationsare commonly managed with catheterization, bladder augmentation surgery, or medicines that be sure the bladder muscles.

Bowel complications space usually managed by complying with a strictbowel program.

3.Respiratory Complications


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The cervical spinal cord is separation into 8 segment labeledC1-C8. The C3-C5 spinal cord segment innervate the diaphragm, which isessential because that breathing.

Therefore, spinal cord injuries in ~ the C5 level or higher will an outcome in breath difficulties.

Individuals v C1-C4 spinal cord injuries will almostalways at first need the help of the ventilator to help with your breathing.

Recovery Outlook because that Hyperextension Spinal Cord Injuries

The quantity of spinal cord damage incurred by hyperextension will determine your possibilities of recovery.

If you have an incomplete spinal cord injury, it method that pardon neural pathways in between your mind and body will certainly exist.

Spared neural pathways are key to spinal cord injury recovery since they’re capable of adapting.

Throughneuroplasticity(your main nervous system’s capacity to rewire itself), features weakened by the spinal cord injury have the right to potentially be recovered v rehabilitation principles, choose repetition that movement. The much more you exercise a dilute function, the an ext you wake up its neural pathways, and the much more the main nervous device adapts to strengthen that function.

It’s essential to recognize that neuroplasticity is limited, for this reason the much more spared neural pathways you have actually after a spinal cord injury, the far better your recovery potential.

As you’ve simply learned, hyperextension that the neck can result in very minor or very severe spinal cord damage. If you ever before experience any sort of extreme force that reasons your neck come whiplash, it’s highly recommended the you seek immediate medical fist to stabilize any potential spinal cord damage.

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That’s a wrap! Hopefully, this write-up helped you far better understand what to suppose after a hyperextension spinal cord injury.