What is network Loss?

Net ns is an accounting term, and it refers to a an unfavorable value because that income. In various other words, a firm incurs a network loss when the costs for a specific duration are greater than the profits for the exact same period. The principle for which expenses and revenues need to be taped in the same period is called the equivalent principleMatching PrincipleThe equivalent principle is an accounting concept the dictates that carriers report expenses at the same time together the profits they are related. The duration considered is frequently a budget year.

You are watching: A net loss will result during a time period when


Revenues and also expenses are component of the earnings statement, and also at the bottom line, friend will uncover the net income or network loss. When you subtract the expenses and costs from revenue, the result will it is in either hopeful or negative. A positive result is dubbed net income, and a an unfavorable result is a net loss.

Key contents of net Loss

To far better understand what a net loss is and how to calculation it, let’s malfunction the an essential components indigenous the meaning we observed above.

1. Revenues

The term revenue refers to all the items or servicesProducts and ServicesA product is a tangible item the is put on the industry for acquisition, attention, or consumption while a organization is an intangible item, which occurs from the a firm sells come the public. In the revenue statement, the profits are hopeful items.


Looking in ~ the revenues, rise is a signal that the agency is growing, selling an ext goods or services, and generating an ext money. In this case, the firm can boost its invest or expenses. If the revenues are decreasing, it way that the agency is shrinking. If it wants to continue to be profitable, it needs to quickly reduce that is expenses.

2. Expenses

The expenses in the revenue statement space all the prices the company incurred to administer the services or to produce the items it is going come sell.

Usually, there are three macro-categories of expenses:

The expense of items (e.g., the price of the raw materials used because that the production)The operating expenses (e.g., salaries, rent, utilities, amortizations, etc.)


For a company to be profitable, all its costs must be lower than the revenues. In various other words, the revenues should be substantial enough to clear up all the expenses and compensate the employees. When it does no happen and the costs exceed the revenues, the company incurs a net loss.

Income Statement

The income statement is a paper each company creates to display its results from operations. It is a financial statement for a certain period, and also it reports every revenues and all costs of the company. The framework of an revenue statement is comparable for all varieties of companies, yet some industries have the right to include distinct line items. Below an instance of a straightforward income statement for company XYZ.


Importance of net Income/Net Loss

Net ns or net revenue is a vital indicator used to evaluate the firm operating results in a particular period. Investors look in ~ the size of the net loss and trends indigenous previous periods to assess the company’s performance.

Real-world Example

Matching Principle and also Accrual Accounting

The corresponding principle says that to calculation the network income/loss, every the expenses and also related revenues be taped in the same period.

The matching principle is a crucial factor in the calculate of network income/loss. All the costs related to a certain earned earnings must be thought about in the calculation regardless of as soon as they will be actually paid.

See more: How Does A Linear Equation Determines A Line In The Xy Plane ?


A an excellent example is payroll wages. An employee who worked in December 2019 will not be paid until January 2020. However, the company, in the calculation of the net revenue or network loss because that 2019, will document the payroll expense in December 2019, also if it will certainly be payment in January 2020. The process is recognized as accrual accounting.

Additional Resources

CFI provides the Commercial banking & credit Analyst (CBCA)™Program web page - CBCAGet CFI\"s CBCA™ certification and become a Commercial bank & credit Analyst. Enroll and advance your career through our certification programs and courses. Certification regime for those looking to take their careers to the next level. To store learning and also developing your knowledge base, please discover the extr relevant sources below: